Info (Meta Data)
Author Institution Email
Rini Syafriani Bandung Institute of Technology
Rizki MulyawanBandung Institute of
I Ketut AdnyanaBandung Institute of
Paper Title
Physical Education
Fresh cow milk, pasteurization milk, blood glucose, physical education
ISBN 978-602-8429-74-0

Objectives: Adolescent atheletes have high risk toward dietary intake depleted because of energy needed increase. Adequate dietary intake becomes a big problem that faced by adolescents since their lifestyle tend to ignore dietary. A lot of adolescent athletes consume energy drinks and sports drinks but they do not notice that it will give negative effects to their health. Therefore, consuming milk is more recomended. Adolescent athletes usually do physical activities that will undergo physiological responses in the body. Hence their bodies need to be supported by additional intake, in order to maintain the energy. A combination of physical activities and dietary intake will affect the metabolic system. Therefore, this research was conducted to find out the effect of cow milk toward blood glucose that is consumed followed by physical activities. Methods: The selection of research subjects began with pre-test questionnaire. 24 soccer athletes aged 18-21 years old selected for this research. These athletes were randomly divided into three groups (fresh cow milk, pasteurization milk and mineral water) who consumed the milk in three weeks respectively. This research employs Pretest-Posttest Randomized-Groups Design, by doing pre-test (before beverages consumption) and post-test (after the beverages consumption in three weeks respectively). The pre-test and post-test were done through 2,4 km Cooper test. Before (p1) and after (p2) conducting 2,4 km Cooper test, the blood sampling was taken to measure the value of blood glucose.  Results: This research found out that the blood glucose in fresh cow milk group (106.25 ± 12.88) decreased more than in pasteurization milk group (107.25 ± 13.85) after 2.4 km Cooper test (p2). Before 2.4 km Cooper test (p1), the condition of blood glucose was lower than after 2.4 km Cooper test (p2). If compared with pre-test results (both before and after 2.4 km Cooper test), the result of blood glucose during post-test on fresh cow milk and pasteurization milk group increased. The result of this research is in accordance with previous research which states the consumption of dairy products will reduce the risk of diabetes in man (Moslehi, et al., 2015), especially when it is followed by physical activities.  Conclusions: Cow milk potentially decrease blood glucose after doing physical actitivies. Pasteurization milk gives better effect than fresh cow milk in blood glucose. Hence, a daily consumption of pasteurization milk before physical activities is recommended in optimizing athletes performance. Despite of that pasteurization milk will gives opportunities to decrease risk of diabetes accompanied with physical activity. Therefore, the combination cow milk intakes and routine physical activities can help decreasing the risk of diabetes  

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